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听力口语必备!初中英语26种情景下的交际用语

日期:2019-08-09 13:07 点击:

01

?

问候

?

(1) Hello!/Hi!你好!

(2) Good?morning/afternoon/evening! 早晨/下午/晚上好!

(3) How?do?you?do! 你好!

(4) I'm Lucy King. 我是露西·金。

(5) Are?you?Peter?Green??你是彼得·格林吗?

(6) Yes,I am/No,I'm not. 是,我是。/不,我不是。

(7) How?are?you? 你好吗?

(8) How?are?you?today/this?afternoon/evening? 今天/下午/晚上好吗?

(9) Fine,thanks. And you? 很好,谢谢。你呢?

(10) I'm fine,too. 我也很好。

(11) How?is?Amy/your?father/your?mother? 艾米好吗?/你爸爸好吗?/你妈妈好吗?

(12) She is very well,thank you. 她很好,谢谢。

(13) Good night,Jane. 晚安,简。

(14) Goodbye,Mike. 再见,迈克。

(15) See you tomorrow. 明天见。

(16) See you later. 待会儿见。

(17) How's?everything? 过得还好吗?

(18) Just?so-so! 还行吧!

?

02

?

介绍

?

(1) What's?your?name? 你叫什么名字?

(2) May?I?have?your?name? 能告诉我你的名字吗?

(3) My name is Jones. 我叫琼斯。

(4) Just call me Tom. 就叫我汤姆吧。

(5) What's?your?first?name? 你的名字叫什么?

(6) My first name is Bill. 我的名字叫比尔。

(7) How?do?you?spell?your?last?name? 你的姓怎么写?

(8) Jones J-O-N-E-S. 琼斯,J-O-N-E-S。

(9) Who?is?the?lady?in?white? 穿白衣服的那位小姐是谁?

(10) What's?your?friend's?name? 你的朋友叫什么名字?

(11) His name is John Smith. 他叫约翰·史密斯。

(12) John and I are old friends. 我和约翰是老朋友了。

(13) Are?you?John's?brother??你是约翰的兄弟吗?

(14) No,I'm not. 不,我不是。

(15) This is Mr Jones. 这是琼斯先生。

(16) This is Tom. He's my classmate. 这是汤姆。我的同学。

(17) Nice to meet you. 很高兴认识你。

(18) Nice to meet you,too. 认识你我也很高兴。

(19) Let me introduce myself. 让我自我介绍一下。

(20) I'd?like?you?to?meet.?我想请你见见……

(21) Come?and?meet.?来见见……

(22) I'm pleased/happy/glad to meet you. 很高兴见到你!

?

03

?

告别

?

(1) Goodbye!/Bye-bye! 再见!

(2) Good?night! 晚安!

(3)I'm afraid I have to go now. It's getting late. 天太晚了,我得走了。

(4) Let's get together soon. 让我们不久再见。

(5) See?you?soon/later/tomorrow. 一会儿见/明天见!

(6) We?had?a?good?time. 我们过得很愉快!

(7) Thank you for having us. 多谢款待我们。

(8) It's a pleasure! 不客气。

(9) Take care. 请慢走。

(10) Please give my regards to... 请代我向……问好。

(11) Please say hello to... for me. 请代我向……问好。

?

04

?

打电话

?

(1) Hello.?May?I?speak?to?Mr?Green??

你好,我可以和格林先生讲话吗?

(2) Just a moment. 等一会儿。

(3) Hold on. 等一会儿。

(4) He's?not?in.?May?I?take?a?message?for?him??

他不在,我能替他捎个口信吗?

(5) Yes,please. 是的,麻烦了。

(6) Would?you?answer?the?phone?please? 你能接一下电话吗?

(7) I want to make a long distance call. 我想打个长途电话。

(8) This is Mary Speaking. 我是玛丽。

(9) Would?you?tell?Mr?Green?that?I?called?

你能告诉格林先生我给他打了个电话吗?

(10) I must have dialed a wrong number. 我一定拨错号了。

(11) I couldn't get through. 我打不通。

(12) I have to hang up now. 我得挂电话了。

(13) Would?you?call?back?tomorrow??你能明天回个电话吗?

(14) There's?something?wrong?with?the?phone.

电话出了点儿毛病。

(15) I?tried?to?call?you,but?the?line?is?busy.

我试着给你打电话,但老占线。

?

05

?

祝愿与应答

?

(1) Wish?you?good?health?and?lots?of?happiness.

祝你身体健康,幸福快乐。

(2) Good?luck(to?you)! 祝你好运!

(3) Merry?Christmas! 祝你圣诞快乐!

(4) Happy?New?Year! 新年好!

(5) Happy?birthday! 生日快乐!

(6) Enjoy?yourself! 祝你玩得愉快!

(7) Have?fun! 祝你玩得愉快!

(8) Have?a?good?time! 祝你玩得愉快!

(9) Congratulations! 祝贺你!

(10) Thank you,and you too. 谢谢,也祝您快乐。

(11) The same to you. 把同样的祝福也送给您。

?

06

?

道歉与应答

?

(1) I'm sorry. 对不起。

(2) I'm?sorry?for...?对不起……

(3) I'm?sorry?about...?对不起……

(4) Excuse me. 劳驾。

(5) I must apologize to you for... 我必须为……向你道歉。

(6) Never mind. 没关系。

(7) It doesn't matter. 没关系。

(8) I'm sure you didn't mean to do it. 我相信你不是故意的。

(9) Forget it. 别放在心上。

?

07

?

遗憾与同情

?

(1) I'm sorry to hear that. 听到这消息我很难过。

(2) I know how you feel. 我能体会你的感受。

(3) Don't worry about it. 别担心。

(4) I'm sure things will improve. 事情会好起来的。

(5) Oh,come on. Cheer up. 来吧,振作起来。

(6) It's not the end of the world. 这并不是世界末日。

(7) Look on the bright side. 多看看事情好的一面。

(8) That's too bad. 那可太糟糕了。

(9) That's shame! 太遗憾了。

(10) What a shame. 太遗憾了。

?

08

?

邀请与应答

?

(1) Do?you?want?to...??你想做……吗?

(2) Would?you?like?to...??你想做……吗?

(3) How?would?you?like?to...??你想做……吗?

(4) Would?you?be?interested?in...??你对……感兴趣吗?

(5) Won't?you?join?us? 愿意加入我们吗?

(6) That sounds great. 听起来够棒的。

(7) That sounds like fun. 听起来蛮有意思的。

(8) I'm?afraid?I?can't?come?to?your?party.

恐怕我不能参加你的晚会。

(9) Maybe some other time. 改天吧。

?

09

?

提供(帮助等)和应答

?

(1) Can?I?help?you? 我能帮忙吗?

(2) Thanks. That would be nice. 谢谢,那太好了。

(3) What?can?I?do?for?you? 我能为你做些什么?

(4) That's very kind of you. 你真好。

(5) Let me help you. 让我来帮你。

(6) Thank you for your help. 谢谢你帮忙。

(7) Would?you?like?some...??你想来点……?

(8) Yes please. /No,thanks. 好吧。/不用了,谢谢。

?

10

?

请求允许和应答

?

(1) Can/Could?I...??我可以……吗?

(2) Yes/Certainly. Yes,do please. /Of course(you may). That's OK/all right. 当然可以。

(3) I'm sorry,but/You'd better not... 恐怕不行。/你最好不要……

?

11

?

表示同意或不同意

?

(1) Certainly/Sure/Of course. 当然可以。

(2) Yes,please. 可以。

(3) Yes,I think so. 是的,我想可以。

(4) That's true. 可以。

(5) All right/OK. 好吧。

(6) That's a good idea. 好主意。

(7) I agree(with you). 我同意(你的意见)。

(8) No,I don't think so. 不,我认为不可以。

(9) I'm afraid not. 恐怕不行。

(10) I really can't agree with you. 我真的不能同意。

?

12

?

表示肯定和不肯定

?

(1) I'm sure. 我肯定。

(2) I'm?sure?that...?我肯定……(后接宾语从句)

(3) I'm not sure. 我不敢肯定。

(4) I'm?not?sure?if...?我不敢肯定是否……

(5) Maybe/Perhaps. 可能吧。

?

13

?

谈论天气

?

(1) What's?the?weather?like?today? 今天天气如何?

(2) How?is?the?weather?in?England?

英格兰的天气怎么样?

(3) It's?fine/cloudy/windy/rainy

晴天/多云/有风/有雨。

(4) It's?rather?warm/cold/hot?today,isn't?it?

今天很暖和/冷/热,是吗?

(5) Lovely?weather,isn't?it? 天气不错,不是吗?

(6) What?a?heavy?rain! 好大的雨!

(7) What?a?strong?wind! 好大的风!

?

14

?

购物

?

(1) Can?I?help?you? 你想买点什么?

(2) What?can?I?do?for?you? 你想买点什么?

(3) I?want/I'd?like/I'm?looking?for...?我想买点……

(4) What?colour/size/kind?do?you?want? 你想买什么颜色/尺寸/种类的?

(5) Do?you?have?any?other?kind/size/colour? 还有其他种类/尺寸/颜色的吗?

(6) Is?that?all? 还要别的吗?

?

15

?

问路和应答

?

(1) Excuse?me,where's?the?nearest?hospital?

请问,最近的医院在哪儿?

(2) Excuse?me,which?is?the?way?to...?

请问,哪一条是去……的路?

(3) Excuse?me,can?you?tell?me?the?way?to...?

请问,你能告诉我去……的路吗?

(4) How?can?I?get?to...??I?don't?know?the?way.?

怎样才能到……?我不认识路。

(5) Go down this street. 沿着这条街往前走。

(6) Turn?right/left?at?the?first?crossing.

第一个十字路口右/左拐。

(7) It's about... meters from here. 离这……米。

(8) Is?it?far? 远吗?

(9) How?far?is?it? 有多远?

(10) You'd better take a bus. 你最好乘公共汽车。

(11) Which?number?do?I?need? 我该乘哪一路车?

(12) I think you need a No.5 bus. 我认为你应该乘五路车。

(13) Sorry,I don't know. You'd better ask the policeman over there. 对不起,我不知道,你最好问问那边的那个警察。

?

16

?

问时间或日期和应答

?

(1) What?day?is(it)today? 今天星期几?

(2) What's?the?date?today? 今天几号?

(3) What?time?is?it? 几点了?

(4) What's?the?time,please? 几点了?

(5) It's Monday. 今天是星期一。

(6) It's July 1st. 今天是七月一日。

(7) It's?six?o'clock/half?past?five/a?quarter?to?five/four?thirty.

六点/五点半/五点差一刻/四点半。

(8)It's time for/to do... 到了该干……的时候了。

?

17

?

请求

?

(1) Can/Could?you...?for?me??你能替我做……吗?

(2) Will/Would?you?please...??你可不可以……?

(3) May?I?have...??我可以……吗?

(4) Please?give/pass?me... 请给/递给我……

(5) Please wait(here/a moment). 请稍等。

(6) Please wait(for)your turn. 请等到轮到你时。

(7) Please stand in line/line up. 请站成一排。

(8)Please hurry. 请快点。

?

18

?

劝告和建议

?

(1) You'd better ask that woman. 你最好问问那位妇女。

(2) All right. Thanks. 好吧,谢谢。

(3) Why?don't?you?go?to?the?park? 为什么不去公园呢?

(4) Right. I'll do that. 好,就这么办吧。

(5) How/What?about?going?out?for?a?walk? 去散散步怎么样?

(6) That's a good idea. Thank you. 好主意,谢谢。

(7) I?think?you'd?better?look?it?up?in?the?dictionary.

你最好还是查查字典。

(8) You are right. 你说得对。

(9) Shall?we?play?together? 我们一起玩好吗?

(10) You shouldn't stay up too late. 别睡得太晚。

(11) I don't mind. 我不介意。

?

19

?

禁止和警告

?

(1) You can't do that. 别那么做。

(2) If?you?don't?get?up,you'll?be?late?for?school.

你再不起床就会迟到了。

(3) Be?careful! 小心!

(4) Take?care! 小心!

(5) Don't?walk?there.?The?floor?is?wet.

别走那儿,地板湿的。

(6) Make?sure?you?lock?the?door?when?you?leave.

你走的时候把门锁好。

?

20

?

表示感情

?

(1) I'm glad/pleased/happy to meet you. 很高兴见到你。

(2) That's nice. 那好吧。

(3) That's?wonderful/great. 太棒了!

(4) What's?wrong? 怎么了?

(5) What's?the?matter? 怎么了?

(6) I'm/He's/She's worried. 我/他/她有点担心。

(7) Oh.?What?shall?I?do? 我该怎么办呢?

(8) Really? 真的?

(9) Oh,dear! 天哪!

(10) Is?that?so? 真的?

?

21

?

就餐

?

(1) What?would?you?like?to?have? 想来点什么?

(2) Would?you?like?something?to?eat/drink? 要吃/喝点什么吗?

(3) I'd like a cup of coffee. 来杯咖啡。

(4) Help yourself to some fish. 随便吃点鱼。

(5) Thank you. I've had enough. 谢谢,我吃饱了。

(6) Just a little,please. 就一点儿。

(7) —Here?or?to?go??—To?go,please.

——在这儿还是带走?——带走吧。

?

22

?

约会

?

(1) Are?you?free?this?afternoon/evening?

今天下午/晚上你有空吗?

(2) How?about?tomorrow?morning/afternoon/evening?

明天上午/下午/晚上呢?

(3) Shall?we?meet?at?4∶30?at?the?school?gate??

4∶30在学校门口见面如何?

(4) Yes,that's all right. 好吧,就这么定了。

(5) Yes,I'll be free then. 那会儿我就有空了。

(6) No,I won't be free then. 不行,那会儿我没空。

(7) All right. See you then. 好吧,再见。

(8) It?doesn't?matter.?We?can?make?it?sometime?next?week.

没关系,我们下周见。

(9) I'd like to see you tomorrow. 明天想见你。

(10) When?can?you?make?it? 你定在什么时候?

?

23

?

传递信息

?

(1) Will?you?please?give?this?note/message?to?Kate?

你可以把这个留言条给凯特吗?

(2) He asked me to give you this note. 他让我给你这张条。

(3) Thanks for the message. 谢谢你的留言。

?

24

?

看病

?

(1) There?is?something?wrong?with?my?back.?

我的后背有毛病。

(2) I've got a cough. 我咳嗽。

(3) I feel terrible. 我感到难受。

(4) I don't feel well. 我不舒服。

(5) I've got a pain. 我疼。

(6) This place hurts. 这个地方疼。

(7) What's?wrong?with?you? 你怎么了?

(8) What's?the?matter? 你怎么了?

(9) What's?your?trouble? 你怎么了?

(10) I don't feel like eating. 我不想吃。

(11) Take?this?medicine?three?times?a?day.?

服这种药,一天三次。

(12) It's nothing serious. 不严重。

(13) You'll be all right. 你会好的。

(14) You'll get well soon. 你很快就会康复。

(15) Take it easy. 别紧张。

(16) Drink?more?water?and?have?a?good?rest.?

多喝水,多休息。

(17) How?long?have?you?been?like?this?

这种情况已经有多久了?

(18) I've got a headache and a cough. 我头疼,咳嗽。

(19) Let me look over you. 让我给你检查检查。

(20) Have?you?taken?your?temperature? 你量过体温了吗?

?

25

?

求助

?

(1) Help! 救命!

(2) What's?the?matter? 怎么了?

(3) Could?you?give?me?a?hand?

你能帮我吗?

(4) Would?you?help?me? 你能帮我吗?

(5) Do?you?think?you?can?lend?me?your?bike?

你可以借给我你的自行车吗?

(6) Do?you?mind?helping?me?with?my?English?

你愿意帮我学英语吗?

?

26

?

处理交际中的障碍

?

(1) Pardon. 请再说一遍。

(2) Please?say?that?again/more?slowly.

请再说一遍/说慢点。

(3) I'm sorry I can't follow you. 很抱歉我听不懂。

(4) I'm?sorry?I?know?only?a?little?English.

对不起,我只懂一点儿英语。

?

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